Motor vehicle braking device

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 06 Jan '04

Gilbert Beringer

USPTO - Utility Patents


A motor vehicle braking device includes a piston connected to the hydraulic braking circuit and connected to at least one damping element of the rear wheel or wheels, to measure the load exerted on the rear wheel or wheels. The device also includes a valve able to decrease the pressure at the calipers of the front wheel or wheels and able to supply the necessary load to the rear wheel or wheels of the vehicle to prevent any unwanted lifting of said rear wheel or wheels in the event of heavy breaking.


The invention is explained in greater detail hereinafter with the aid of the figures of the appended drawings in which:

FIG. 1 is a view of schematic nature showing, in the case of a motorbike, the elements likely to cause it to topple forward in the event of heavy braking;

FIG. 2 is a view of the device according to the invention mounted in combination with a damping element the embodiment of which is given by way of entirely nonlimiting indication;

FIG. 3 is a part view in section of the device at the valve in the case of sufficient pressure exerted on the rear wheel, that is to say when there is no braking or there is light braking;

FIG. 4 is a view corresponding to FIG. 3 in the case of the unloading of the rear wheel corresponding to heavy braking;

FIG. 5 is a perspective view showing the incorporation of the device into a damping element particularly for a motorbike.


1. A vehicle braking device comprising a master cylinder connected hydraulically to one or more calipers mounted at one or more members that brake one or more wheels of a vehicle, said one or more calipers accommodating one or more pistons to act, under a pressure force, on part of said members, said device further comprising:

2. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the valve comprises a body secured to a bore formed at the end of the piston, said body having an internal recess acting as a seat for a ball subject to an elastic member, said recess being in communication with the hydraulic circuit of the master cylinder, the ball being able to collaborate with a fixed element under the effect of the displacement of the piston to move the ball away from the seat.

3. The device as claimed in claim 2 wherein, under the effect of a load considered as normal, exerted on the rear wheel or wheels, the piston is in abutment against a fixed part of the support block, the ball being away from the seat to allow fluid from the master cylinder to pass toward the calipers of the front wheel or wheels; conversely, when said load is not considered to be sufficient, there is a relative displacement of the piston and of the block as far as another extreme position of abutment corresponding to the ball being positioned in a bottom of the seat to reduce the pressure sent to said calipers.

4. The device as claimed in claim 3, wherein the fixed element collaborating with the ball comprises a screw secured to the support block and opening into recesses of said block and of the body of the valve.

5. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the support block is coupled to the damping element in conjunction with means for adjusting the load exerted on the rear wheel or wheels.

6. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the piston is mounted inside the support block with a capacity for linear displacement against a hydraulic damping means.