Motion capture and manipulation of a single synthetic molecular rotor by optical microscopy.

Research paper by Tomohiro T Ikeda, Takahiro T Tsukahara, Ryota R Iino, Masayuki M Takeuchi, Hiroyuki H Noji

Indexed on: 06 Jul '14Published on: 06 Jul '14Published in: Angewandte Chemie International Edition


Single-molecule imaging and manipulation with optical microscopy have become essential methods for studying biomolecular machines; however, only few efforts have been directed towards synthetic molecular machines. Single-molecule optical microscopy was now applied to a synthetic molecular rotor, a double-decker porphyrin (DD). By attaching a magnetic bead (ca. 200 nm) to the DD, its rotational dynamics were captured with a time resolution of 0.5 ms. DD showed rotational diffusion with 90° steps, which is consistent with its four-fold structural symmetry. Kinetic analysis revealed the first-order kinetics of the 90° step with a rate constant of 2.8 s(-1). The barrier height of the rotational potential was estimated to be greater than 7.4 kJ mol(-1) at 298 K. The DD was also forcibly rotated with magnetic tweezers, and again, four stable pausing angles that are separated by 90° were observed. These results demonstrate the potency of single-molecule optical microscopy for the elucidation of elementary properties of synthetic molecular machines.