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Mosaic or chimera? Revisiting an old hypothesis about the cause of the 46,XX/46,XY hermaphrodite.

Research paper by Dau-Ming DM Niu, Chin-Chen CC Pan, Ching-Yuan CY Lin, BeTau B Hwang, Ming-yi MY Chung

Indexed on: 20 Jun '02Published on: 20 Jun '02Published in: The Journal of Pediatrics



Abstract

A cell lineage in a hermaphrodite infant showing a 46,XX/46,XY karyotype was analyzed to determine the genetic contribution from both parents and identify the underlying mechanism.Genotype analysis was performed by using 57 microsatellite markers, 39 distributed on 9 autosomes and 18 on the X-chromosome. Two X- and Y-specific markers were analyzed to confirm the presence and percentages of cells containing a Y-chromosome.The proband revealed a single maternal and paternal allele for all of the informative autosomal and X-chromosome markers. Analysis of the X- and Y-specific markers confirmed that approximately 20% of the patient's peripheral blood cells contained the Y chromosome.The data suggest that the patient's hermaphroditism was the result of a mosaic embryo and not a chimera. The most likely mechanism involved 2 separate nondisjunction events, resulting in the loss of 47,XXY cells during early embryonic development.