Indexed on: 15 Jun '11Published on: 15 Jun '11Published in: BioSystems
ATP synthase couples proton flow to ATP synthesis, but is leaky to protons at very low nucleotide concentration. Based on the bi-site mechanism, we simulated the proton conduction from proton slip to "coupled" proton flow in ATP synthase using the Monte Carlo method. Good agreement is obtained between the simulated and available experimental results. Our model provides deeper insight into the nucleotide dependence of ATP catalysis, and the kinetic cooperativity in three catalysis subunits. The results of simulation support the bi-site mechanism in ATP synthesis.