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Monitoring of Organic Compounds and Trace Metals During a Dredging Episode in the Göta Älv Estuary (SW Sweden) Using Caged Mussels

Research paper by Juan Bellas, Rolf Ekelund, Halldór Pálmar Halldórsson, Matz Berggren, Åke Granmo

Indexed on: 05 Dec '06Published on: 05 Dec '06Published in: Water, air, and soil pollution



Abstract

The concentrations of selected trace metals, organotins, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in caged blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) during dredging operations in the Göta Älv Estuary (SW Sweden). Maximum values of pollutants in mussel tissues were found after the dredging started. Our results showed that the dredging caused mobilization of organotins from the sediments to the water column during the experimental period. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) and cluster analysis were applied to compare and establish relationships between levels of pollutants in mussels and sampling sites during the experimental period. In order to evaluate the biological effects of contaminants, genotoxic damage was measured using the Comet assay, and its potential application for environmental monitoring is discussed.