Monads on dagger categories

Research paper by Chris Heunen, Martti Karvonen

Indexed on: 13 Feb '16Published on: 13 Feb '16Published in: Mathematics - Category Theory


The theory of monads on categories equipped with a dagger (a contravariant identity-on-objects involutive endofunctor) works best when everything respects the dagger: the monad and adjunctions should preserve the dagger, and the monad and its algebras should satisfy the so-called Frobenius law. Then any monad resolves as an adjunction, with extremal solutions given by the categories of Kleisli and Frobenius-Eilenberg-Moore algebras, which again have a dagger. We characterize the Frobenius law as a coherence property between dagger and closure, and characterize strong such monads as being induced by Frobenius monoids.