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Momentum and heat transfers in the surface layer over a frozen sea

Research paper by Sylvain M. Joffre

Indexed on: 01 Oct '82Published on: 01 Oct '82Published in: Boundary-Layer Meteorology



Abstract

Wind and temperature profiles from a 10-m mast were measured over the frozen Baltic Sea. The Monin-Obukhov similarity theory applies well to runs carefully selected according to stationarity criteria. This provides relatively low-scattered results with the roughness length z0 ≈ 0.04 cm, the drag coefficient CD≈ 1.5 × 10-3 and the Stanton number CH≈ 1.00 × 10-3 under near-neutral conditions. The roughness length, however, behaves in a peculiar way under intense stratification conditions. The reasons proposed for this could lead to an extension of the theory. The mechanisms for momentum and heat transfers are also examined, revealing that there are two different regimes, the smooth and the rough, for the wall friction but not for the heat transfer. Further, the scatter of the data for momentum and heat transfer under the aerodynamically rough regime can be explained by the distinction between the type of thermal stability conditions.