Indexed on: 10 Mar '20Published on: 10 Mar '20Published in: Medicine
The profiles of sensitization based on component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) differ from region to region in populations sensitized to birch pollen. We investigated the endotypes of birch pollen-sensitized Korean children with allergic diseases using CRD and distinguished the endotypes of oral allergy syndrome (OAS) among them.Thirty-one birch pollen-sensitized children with allergic diseases were enrolled. Specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) to birch pollen and fruit including apple, peach, and kiwi were evaluated via skin prick tests and ImmunoCAP in all subjects. Sensitization profiles based on CRD were evaluated with the Immuno-solid-phase Allergen Chip for birch pollen-sensitization using birch pollen components (Bet v 1, Bet v 2, and Bet v 4), and for OAS using the allergen families pathogenesis-related class 10 proteins (PR-10), lipid transfer proteins, and profilin.All patients (n = 13) with OAS were sensitive to Bet v 1. However, 61% (11/18) of patients without OAS were sensitized to Bet v 1. The level of specific IgE to Bet v 1 was higher in patients with OAS than in those without OAS. All birch pollen-sensitized Korean children with OAS were sensitized to PR-10, and 69% (9/13) of them were mono-sensitized to PR-10. Among patients without OAS, 33% (6/18) were not sensitized to any of the allergen families.Birch pollen-sensitized Korean children with allergic diseases showed unique patterns of sensitization to Bet v 1, Bet v 2, and Bet v 4, and the sensitization profiles based on CRD were totally different according to the presence of OAS.