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Molecular mapping of the blast resistance gene, Pi44(t), in a line derived from a durably resistant rice cultivar

Research paper by D.-H. Chen, M. dela Viña, T. Inukai, D. J. Mackill, P. C. Ronald, R. J. Nelson

Indexed on: 01 May '99Published on: 01 May '99Published in: Theoretical and Applied Genetics



Abstract

 A recombinant inbred line derived from a cross between CO39 and ‘Moroberekan’, RIL276, was found to be resistant to lineage 44 isolates of Pyricularia grisea in the Philippines. One hundred F2 individuals were obtained from a backcross of RIL276 and CO39. Phenotypic analysis showed that RIL276 carries a single locus, tentatively named Pi44(t), conferring complete resistance to lineage 44 isolates of P. grisea. RFLP probes, STS primers and AFLP markers were applied to identify DNA markers linked to Pi44(t). Neither RFLP nor STS-PCR analysis gave rise to DNA markers linked to the locus. Using bulk segregant AFLP analysis, however, two dominant AFLP markers (AF348 and AF349) linked to Pi44(t) were identified. AF349 and AF348 were located at 3.3±1.5 cM and 11±3.5 cM from Pi44(t), respectively. These markers were mapped on chromosome 11 using an F2 population derived from a cross between ‘Labelle’ and ‘Black Gora’. The location of AF348 on chromosome 11 was confirmed using another F2 mapping population derived from IR40931-26-3-3-5/ PI543851. DNA products at the loci linked to Pi44(t) were amplified from RIL276, ‘Labelle’ and PI543851 using the same primer pairs used to amplify AF349 and AF348. Sequence analysis of these bands showed 100% identity between lines. This result indicates that these AFLP markers could be used for the comparison of maps or assignment of linkage groups to chromosomes.