Indexed on: 02 Apr '02Published on: 02 Apr '02Published in: Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics
To elucidate the effect of guanine lesion produced by the oxidative damage on DNA, 1 nanosecond molecular dynamics simulations of native and oxidized DNA were performed. The target DNA molecules are dodecamer duplex d(CGCGAATTCGCG)(2) and its derivative duplex d(C(1)G(2)C(3)(8-oxoG)(4)A(5)A(6)T(7)T(8)C(9)G(10)C(11)G(12).d(C(13)G(14)C(15)G(16)A(17)A(18)T(19)T(20)C(21)G(22)C(23)G(24), which has one oxidized guanine, 7, 8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG), at the fourth position. The local structural change due to the lesion of 8-oxoG and the global dynamic structure of the 8-oxoG DNA were studied. It was found that the 8-oxoG DNA remained structurally stable during the simulation due to newly produced hydrogen bonds around the (8-oxoG)(4) residue. However, there were distinguishable differences in structural parameters and dynamic property in the 8-oxoG DNA. The conformation around the (8-oxoG)(4) residue departed from the usual conformation of native DNA and took an unique conformation of epsilon-zeta in B(II) conformation and chi in high anti orientation at the (8-oxoG)(4) residue, and adopted a very low helical twist angle at the C(3):G(22)-(8-oxoG)(4):C21) step. Further analysis by principal component analysis indicated that the formation of the hydrogen bonds around the (8-oxoG)(4) residue plays a role as a trigger for the conformational transition of the 8-oxoG DNA in the conformational space.