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Molecular characterization of a weak fibrinogen-clotting enzyme from Trimeresurus jerdonii venom.

Research paper by Yang Y Jin, Qiu-Min QM Lu, Run-Qiang RQ Chen, Jian-Bo JB Wu, Yu-Liang YL Xiong

Indexed on: 03 Feb '05Published on: 03 Feb '05Published in: Toxicon



Abstract

A fibrinogen-clotting enzyme designed as jerdonobin-II was isolated from the venom of Trimeresurus jerdonii. It differed in molecular weight and N-terminal sequence with the previously isolated jerdonobin, a thrombin-like enzyme from the same venom. The enzyme consists of a single polypeptide chain with molecular weights of 30,000 and 32,000 under non-reducing and reducing conditions, respectively. Jerdonobin-II showed weak fibrinogen clotting activity and its activity unit on fibrinogen was calculated to be less than one unit using human thrombin as standard. The precursor protein sequence of jerodonobin-II was deduced from cloned cDNA sequence. The sequence shows high similarity (identity=89%) to TSV-PA, a specific plasminogen activator from venom of T. stejnegeri. Despite of the sequence similarity, jerdonobin-II was found devoid of plasminogen activating effect. Sequence alignment analysis suggested that the replacement of Lys239 in TSV-PA to Gln239 in jerdonobin-II might play an important role on their plasminogen activating activity difference.