Indexed on: 01 Aug '04Published on: 01 Aug '04Published in: Molecular Breeding
Based on blast pathogen population dynamics and lineage exclusion assays, we found that the major blast resistance genes Pi-1 and Piz-5 confer resistance against most Magnaporthe grisea lineages. Near-isogenic rice lines C101LAC and C101A51 carrying these two major genes for blast resistance in the background of a most blast-susceptible genotype were used for developing the pyramids. The closely linked RFLP marker RZ536 and NBS-LRR r10 marker for Pi-1 and a PCR-based SAP marker RG64 for Piz-5 were used to identify the genes in the parents and in marker-assisted breeding of the pyramided populations. To achieve multiple resistance against blast and blight in this cultivar, these blast-resistant pyramids were transformed with the cloned bacterial blight resistance gene Xa21 known to confer resistance to all races of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo). Bioassays with six independent transformants showed that transgenic CO39 plants were resistant to both pathogens, M. grisea and Xoo. We report here the stacking of three major genes (Pi-1 + Piz-5 + Xa21) into rice using two different approaches of molecular breeding: marker-assisted selection (MAS) and genetic transformation.