Moduli spaces of rank 2 instanton sheaves on the projective space

Research paper by Marcos Jardim, Mario Maican, Alexander S. Tikhomirov

Indexed on: 21 Feb '17Published on: 21 Feb '17Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry


We study the irreducible components of the moduli space of instanton sheaves on $\mathbb{P}^3$, that is rank 2 torsion free sheaves $E$ with $c_1(E)=c_3(E)=0$ satisfying $h^1(E(-2))=h^2(E(-2))=0$. In particular, we classify all instanton sheaves with $c_2(E)\le4$, describing all the irreducible components of their moduli space. A key ingredient for our argument is the study of the moduli space ${\mathcal T}(d)$ of stable sheaves on $\mathbb{P}^3$ with Hilbert polynomial $P(t)=d\cdot t$, which contains, as an open subset, the moduli space of rank 0 instanton sheaves of multiplicity $d$; we describe all the irreducible components of ${\mathcal T}(d)$ for $d\le4$.