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Moderate parts in regenerative compositions: the case of regular variation

Research paper by Dariusz Buraczewski, Bohdan Dovgay, Alexander Marynych

Indexed on: 19 Jun '20Published on: 18 Jun '20Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Probability



Abstract

A regenerative random composition of integer $n$ is constructed by allocating $n$ standard exponential points over a countable number of intervals, comprising the complement of the closed range of a subordinator $S$. Assuming that the L\'{e}vy measure of $S$ is infinite and regularly varying at zero of index $-\alpha$, $\alpha\in(0,\,1)$, we find an explicit threshold $r=r(n)$, such that the number $K_{n,\,r(n)}$ of blocks of size $r(n)$ converges in distribution without any normalization to a mixed Poisson distribution. The sequence $(r(n))$ turns out to be regularly varying with index $\alpha/(\alpha+1)$ and the mixing distribution is that of the exponential functional of $S$. We also discuss asymptotic behavior of $K_{n,\,w(n)}$ in cases when $w(n)$ diverges but grows slower than $r(n)$. Our findings complement previously known strong laws of large numbers for $K_{n,\,r}$ in case of a fixed $r\in\N$. As a key tool we employ new Abelian theorems for Laplace--Stiletjes transforms of regularly varying functions with the indexes of regular variation diverging to infinity.