Modelling and optimization of exhaust pollutants and the properties and characteristics of ethanol-diesel through a statistical approach

Research paper by Behrouz Mehri, Vahid Pirouzfar, Shahrzad Bagheri, Mona Zamani Pedram

Indexed on: 25 Jan '17Published on: 23 Jan '17Published in: The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering


This work assesses the influence of diesel additives on chemico-physical properties (flash point, density, viscosity, and cetane number) and exhaust emissions (CO, CO2, nitrogen oxides, and soot). Experimental tests are performed in a 4-cylinder turbocharged, common rail direct injection engine. Experiments are conducted in different percentages of ethanol (5 and 10 %) and nitrogenate additives (2 and 5 %). The current essay applies various types of tertiary additives (nitro methane, nitro ethane, and 2-methoxy ethyl ether). All the compositions of ethanol in the diesel make the cetane index, flash point, density, and viscosity reduce. In contrast, these properties get enhanced by adding tertiary additives. Experimental studies demonstrate that nitro ethane is more effective on the decrease of soot emissions and the increase of CO, CO2, and nitrogen oxides.