Indexed on: 04 Jan '16Published on: 04 Jan '16Published in: Metals and Materials International
Surface residual stress is usually characterized by two parameters; (1) magnitude and (2) direction of two principal residual stresses. We propose a novel way to evaluate these parameters by instrumented indentation testing (IIT) using a Knoop indenter, which has two-fold symmetry. Non-equibiaxial surface stress causes a shift from residual stress in the force-indentation depth curve of IIT that depends on the Knoop indentation in-plane angle between residual stress and long diagonal of Knoop indenter. We develop a theoretical model to evaluate surface residual stress using only experimental parameters obtained by four Knoop IITs at 45° rotated angles, by introducing mathematical definition of conversion factor, a, which ratio of normal and parallel conversion factors was known as constants (~0.34) on previous studies. We verify this model by Knoop IITs on four metallic cruciform samples in which the surface residual stress is controlled by bending. Experimental results of principal stress and direction show good agreements with applied stress and directions.