Model study on mixing and mass transfer in ferroalloy refining processes

Research paper by G. Akdogan, R. H. Eric

Indexed on: 01 Apr '99Published on: 01 Apr '99Published in: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B


An experimental study has been performed to investigate the bath mixing intensity induced by a high-strength submerged gas injection in a bottom blown air-stirred one-seventh water model of Creusot-Loire Uddeholm (CLU) reactor using three different tuyere configurations. Experimental results have been discussed in terms of the mass transfer rate and mixing time. The air flow rates varied from 0.00599 to 0.01465 m3/s. The mixing time was determined at various gas flow rates, bath heights, and nozzle orientations, both in the presence and absence of a second phase. The mixing time was found to decrease with increasing gas flow rate and decreasing bath height. The influence of bath mixing intensity on mass transfer between metal (water) and slag (paraffin) was studied by measuring the transfer of benzoic acid from the gas-stirred water bath to paraffin as a function of the gas injection parameters. The bath mixing intensity was characterized by the value of the mass transfer rate constant. The rate constant of mass transfer between the metal and slag was found to increase with increasing gas injection rate and decreasing bath height.