Indexed on: 09 Sep '18Published on: 01 Jun '18Published in: Applied Geophysics
Abstract Conventional frequency domain singular value decomposition (SVD) filtering method used in random noise attenuation processing causes bending event damage. To mitigate this problem, we present a mixed Cadzow filtering method based on fractional Fourier transform to suppress random noise in 3D seismic data. First, the seismic data is transformed to the time-frequency plane via the fractional Fourier transform. Second, based on the Eigenimage filtering method and Cadzow filtering method, the mixed high-dimensional Hankel matrix is built; then, SVD is performed. Finally, random noise is eliminated effectively by reducing the rank of the matrix. The theoretical model and real applications of the mixed filtering method in a region of Sichuan show that our method can not only suppress noise effectively but also preserve the frequency and phase of effective signals quite well and significantly improve the signal-to-noise ratio of 3D post-stack seismic data.