Minimum entropy deconvolution based on simulation-determined band pass filter to detect faults in axial piston pump bearings.

Research paper by Shuhui S Wang, Jiawei J Xiang, Hesheng H Tang, Xiaoyang X Liu, Yongteng Y Zhong

Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: ISA Transactions®


The fault diagnosis of axial piston pumps is of significance for enhancing the reliability and security of hydraulic systems. Most of the faults occurring in the mechanical components of piston pumps are exhibited as fault-excited impulses. However, the strong impact-induced natural periodic impulses under the common working conditions (i.e. reciprocating motion of pistons) inevitably cause interference that considerably affects the fault detection performance. In this study, a simulation-determined band pass filter is employed to improve the performance of minimum entropy deconvolution (MED) for the fault diagnosis of axial piston pump bearings. First, a finite element method (FEM) simulation is performed to determine the possible carrier frequency. Second, the carrier frequency is used as the center frequency in association with a fixed bandwidth to determine the band pass filter parameters. Finally, the MED technique is applied to enhance weak fault-excited impulses by means of kurtosis maximization. Thereafter, envelope spectrum analysis is applied to the enhanced signals to obtain faulty feature frequencies. Two case studies are conducted, using bearings with faults in the outer and inner races of an axial piston pumps under common working conditions. The case studies confirm the necessity and effectiveness of the proposed method for detecting bearings faults in axial piston pumps. Copyright © 2018 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.