Indexed on: 01 Sep '15Published on: 01 Sep '15Published in: Urology®
To compare miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (mini-PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in the management of renal stones >10 mm in a single session.Seventy patients presenting with renal stones >10 mm were randomized to a mini-PCNL or an RIRS group in a ratio of 1:1. Randomization was performed by a biostatistician and opened to the surgeon at the time of the patient's admission on the day before surgery. Patient and stone characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and complications were compared between the 2 groups. The primary end point of "stone-free" which was defined as no residual stone or stones <2 mm on computed tomography within 3 months postoperatively.Thirty-five patients (mini-PCNL) and 33 (RIRS) were included in the final analysis. Mini-PCNL and RIRS had a stone-free rate of 85.7% and 97.0%, respectively (P = .199). Operation time (P = .148), hemoglobin decline (P = .323), and hospital stay (P = .728) were similar between the 2 groups. Pain visual analog score at 1 hour postoperatively (P = .029) and analgesic requirement (P = .050) were higher in the RIRS group. Two patients in the mini-PCNL group and 1 in the RIRS group had minor pelvic or ureter perforation. One patient in each of the 2 groups had hypertension and urinary tract infection.Mini-PCNL and RIRS are safe and feasible surgical options to manage renal stones >10 mm. RIRS produced a slightly higher stone-free rate, but more immediate postoperative pain and higher analgesic requirement compared with mini-PCNL.