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Mid-term outcomes after intramedullary fixation of peritrochanteric femoral fractures using the new proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA).

Research paper by Yake Y Liu, Ran R Tao, Fan F Liu, Youhua Y Wang, Zhenyu Z Zhou, Yi Y Cao, Hong H Wang

Indexed on: 18 May '10Published on: 18 May '10Published in: Injury



Abstract

Controversy persists concerning the preferred treatment of peritrochanteric femoral fractures. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the mid-term outcomes of the newly developed implants - proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) for the stabilisation of this type of fracture.Between April 2006 and March 2008, 169 patients with peritrochanteric femoral fractures were treated with PFNA. As many as 26 patients were excluded from the study. According to the Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) classification system, the remaining 143 fractures were classified as 19 cases of AO/OTA 31A1 fractures, 83 cases of 31A2 fractures, 28 cases of 31A3 fractures and 13 cases of 31A combined with proximal 32 fracture or separate proximal 32 fracture. The mean age of these patients was 67 years (range, 20-93 years). The operative time, the overall fluoroscopy time, the duration of hospitalisation and the surgical complications were noted. Patients were followed up for a mean of 21 months (range, 12-36 months). Functional outcomes were assessed according to the Harris hip scoring system.Fifteen patients (10%) required open reduction. The mean duration of surgery (from the beginning of close reduction to wound closure) was 72 min with a range between 45 and 170 min. The mean fluoroscopy time was 164 s with a range between 92 and 396 s. The mean time of hospital stay was 15 days. Postoperative X-rays showed a good or acceptable reduction in 134 cases (94%), and an ideal implant position in 131 cases (92%). There were 12 (8%) postoperative complications. All patients except one healed their fractures without any implant-specific complication (bending, breaking of the implant, cut out of the PFNA blade, femoral head penetration of the blade or ipsilateral fractures of the femoral shaft at the tip of the implant). The average time to bone healing was 16 weeks (range, 12-25 weeks). At the time of the latest follow-up, 106 patients (74%) were restored to their preoperative mobility. The mean Harris hip score was 84 points (range, 46-100 points). A total of 106 patients (74%) had an excellent or good outcome. According to the patients and/or their caregivers, outcome was described as satisfactory in 120(84%) of the 143 patients, and 36(90%) of the 40 patients, who were more than 80 years old.The results suggest that PFNA is a very effective and safe method in the treatment of different patterns of peritrochanteric femoral fractures. The fixation is adequate to maintain reduction over time even in osteoporotic bones.