Microstructure & texture evolution and magnetic properties of high magnetic-induction 6.5% Si electrical steel thin sheet fabricated by a specially designed rolling route

Research paper by Hao-ze Li, Hai-tao Liu, Zhen-yu Liu, Xiang-long Wang, Zhong-han Luo, Feng-quan Zhang, Sheng-lin Chen, Jing-wen Huang, Guo-dong Wang

Indexed on: 30 Mar '16Published on: 30 Mar '16Published in: Journal of Central South University


Electrical steel sheets with 6.5% (mas fraction) Si with good shapes and superior magnetic inductions were successfully produced by a specially designed processing route including ingot casting, hot rolling and warm rolling both with interpass thermal treatment, and final annealing. The sheets were of 0.2 mm and 0.3 mm thick over 140 mm width. A detailed study of the microstructural and textural evolutions from the hot rolling to annealing was carried out by optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction and electron backscattered diffraction. The hot rolled sheet characterized by near-equiaxed grains was dominated by the mixture of <001>//ND fiber (λ-fiber), <110>//RD fiber (α-fiber) and <111>//ND fiber (γ-fiber) textures owing to the partial recrystallization and strain induced boundary migration (SIBM) during the hot rolling interpass thermal treatment. The static recovery and SIBM during the warm rolling interpass thermal treatment result in large and elongated warm rolling grains. The warm rolling texture is dominated by obvious λ, Goss and strong γ-fiber textures. The application of the interpass thermal treatment during hot and warm rolling significantly enhances the impact of SIBM during annealing, which is responsible for the formation of the moderate λ-fiber, some near-λ fiber texture components and the obviously weakened γ-fiber texture in the annealed sheet, leading to a higher magnetic induction compared to the commercially produced 6.5% Si steel by chemical vapor deposition (CVD).