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Microstructure and mechanical properties of barium aluminosilicate glass-ceramic matrix composites reinforced with SiC whiskers

Research paper by F. Ye, Y. Zhou, T. C. Lei, J. M. Yang, L. T. Zhang

Indexed on: 01 May '01Published on: 01 May '01Published in: Journal of Materials Science



Abstract

BAS glass-ceramic composites reinforced with different volume fractions (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 vol%) of SiC whiskers were successfully fabricated by a hot-pressing method. The microstructure, whisker/matrix interface structure, phase constitution and mechanical properties of the composites have been systematically studied by means of SEM, TEM, XRD techniques as well as three-point bending tests. It was demonstrated that the incorporation of SiC whiskers could significantly increase the flexural strength and fracture toughness of BAS glass-ceramic matrixes. The celsian seeds can effectively promote the hexacelsian-to-celsian transformation in BaAl2Si2O8. The active Al2O3 added to the BAS matrix obviously reduced the amount of SiO2 in the matrix and formed needle-like mullite. The high temperature strengths of the composites were also investigated.