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Microbial synthesis of spherical nanosilver and nanogold for mosquito control

Research paper by Namita Soni, Soam Prakash

Indexed on: 24 Nov '13Published on: 24 Nov '13Published in: Annals of microbiology



Abstract

Biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles using microorganisms is an important area of research in nanobiotechnology, which is an emerging eco-friendly science of well-defined sizes, shapes and controlled monodispersity. The present study proposed a green process for the extracellular production of silver (Ag) and gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) using the soil fungi Chrysosporium keratinophilum and Verticillium lecanii. The synthesized NPs were formed fairly uniform with spherical shape determined by Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) and confirmed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Elemental analysis on single particle was carried by EDX analysis. The results were further supported by UV-vis spectrophotometry. In addition, we have also investigated the effect of synthesized AgNPs and AuNPs against the larvae and pupae of Anopheles stephensi, Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti. The efficacy test was performed at different concentrations for periods of different lengths by the probit analysis. The larvae and pupae of Cx. quinquefasciatus, An. stephensi and Ae. aegypti were found highly susceptible to the synthesized AgNPs than the AuNPs. The larvae of Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. aegypti were found to be more susceptible to the AgNPs and AuNPs synthesized using the C. keratinophilum and V. lecanii compared with the larvae of An. stephensi. The pupae of Ae. aegypti have shown higher mortality against the synthesized AgNPs than the pupa of Cx. quinquefasciatus, while no adverse effects could be observed in the pupa of An. stephensi. By this approach, it is suggested that this rapid synthesis of nanoparticles would be useful for developing a biological process for mosquito control.