Indexed on: 22 Dec '09Published on: 22 Dec '09Published in: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Novel yellow, obligately methylotrophic and restricted facultatively methylotrophic bacteria, respectively designated strains Ship(T) and Mim(T), with the ribulose monophosphate pathway of C(1) assimilation are described. Cells were strictly aerobic, Gram-negative, asporogenous, non-motile rods that multiply by binary fission, were mesophilic and neutrophilic and synthesized indole-3-acetic acid and exopolysaccharide. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C(16 : 0) and C(16 : 1). The major ubiquinone was Q-8. The predominant phospholipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol; diphosphatidylglycerol was absent. The two strains lacked α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase and glutamate dehydrogenase. They assimilated ammonium via the glutamate cycle enzymes glutamine synthetase and glutamate synthase. The DNA G+C contents of strains Ship(T) and Mim(T) were 50.7 and 54.5 mol% (T(m)), respectively. The level of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between these strains was very high (99.8 %) but they shared a low level of DNA-DNA relatedness (44 %). Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and low levels of DNA-DNA relatedness with the type strains of recognized species of the genus Methylophilus (31-36 %), strains Ship(T) and Mim(T) are considered to represent novel species of the genus Methylophilus, for which the names Methylophilus flavus sp. nov. (type strain Ship(T) =DSM 23073(T) =VKM B-2547(T) =CCUG 58411(T)) and Methylophilus luteus sp. nov. (type strain Mim(T) =DSM 22949(T) =VKM B-2548(T) =CCUG 58412(T)) are proposed.