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Method of Bonding Aluminum Electrodes of Two Semiconductor Substrates

Imported: 10 Mar '17 | Published: 27 Nov '08

Byoung Su Lee

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A method of bonding aluminum (Al) electrodes formed on two semiconductor substrates at a low temperature that does not affect circuits formed on the two semiconductor substrates is provided. The method includes: (a) forming aluminum (Al) electrodes on the two semiconductor substrates, respectively, and depositing a metal alloy that comprises aluminum (Al) and copper (Cu) onto the aluminum (Al) electrodes; (b) arranging the aluminum (Al) electrodes of the two semiconductor substrates to face with each other; and (c) heating the aluminum (Al) electrodes at a temperature lower than the melting point of the deposited metal alloy, and applying a specific pressure onto the two semiconductor substrates. Accordingly, bonding can be carried out at a temperature lower than the melting point of an Al0.83Cu0.17 alloy without having an effect on circuits formed on two semiconductor substrates, and can be selectively carried out at regions where pressure is applied.

Description

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a semiconductor manufacturing process, and more particularly, to a method of bonding metal wires of two overlapped substrates in the process of manufacturing a semiconductor.

BACKGROUND ART

Electrodes, in general, are bonded in a semiconductor manufacturing process by using alloys having low melting points, such as lead (Pb), tin (Sn), and bismuth (Bi). The alloys, however, are harmful to human body, and may contaminate semiconductor manufacturing equipments due to low vapor pressure.

Aluminum (Al) is commonly used for a metal electrode in most semiconductor manufacturing processes. In case that an aluminum (Al) electrode is bonded such that two substrates are overlapped having the aluminum (Al) electrode in therebetween, the aluminum (Al) electrode may be heated near to its melting point. Due to the heating of the aluminum (Al) electrode, remaining regions of the aluminum (Al) electrode, which are not bonding areas, also melt, which in turn has an adverse effect on existing wires or circuits of the substrates.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

Technical Problem

In order to solve the aforementioned problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a method of bonding aluminum (Al) electrodes formed on two semi-conductor substrates at a low temperature that does not affect circuits formed on the two semiconductor substrates, without contaminating semiconductor manufacturing equipments.

Technical Solution

According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for bonding aluminum (Al) electrodes of two semiconductor substrates, comprising: (a) forming aluminum (Al) electrodes on the two semiconductor substrates, respectively, and depositing a metal alloy that comprises aluminum (Al) and copper (Cu) onto the aluminum (Al) electrodes; (b) arranging the aluminum (Al) electrodes of the two semi-conductor substrates to face with each other; and (c) heating the aluminum (Al) electrodes at a temperature lower than the melting point of the deposited metal alloy, and applying a specific pressure onto the two semiconductor substrates.

In the present invention, the metal alloy may be an Al0.83Cu0.17 alloy.

BEST MODE

Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to accompanying drawings.

FIGS. 1 to 3 show a process of bonding aluminum (Al) electrodes formed on two semiconductor substrates according to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 1 shows aluminum (Al) electrodes formed on two semiconductor substrates.

Aluminum (Al) electrodes 13 and 23 to be bonded are formed on semiconductor substrates 10 and 20, and Al0.83Cu0.17 alloys 15 and 25 are deposited thereon.

FIG. 2 shows a process of bonding the aluminum (Al) electrodes on the semi-conductor substrates.

With the aluminum (Al) electrodes 13 and 23 to be bonded being overlapped, the semiconductor substrates 10 and 20 are heated with a temperature lower than the melting point of the Al0.83Cu0.17 alloys 15 and 25, and a specific pressure is applied onto the semiconductor substrates 10 and 20.

Due to the pressure applied onto the semiconductor substrates 10 and 20, the aluminum (Al) electrodes 13 and 23 to be bonded are pressed, and thus the Al0.83Cu0.17 alloys 15 and 25 melt at a temperature that is lower than a melting point of the Al0.83Cu0.17 alloys 15 and 25 at atmospheric pressure.

The melting point of the Al0.83Cu0.17 alloys 15 and 25 is about 540 C., which is far lower than the melting point of the aluminum (Al) electrodes 13 and 23, that is, 650 C., thereby suitable for a fusion junction. Aluminum (Al) and copper (Cu) are uniformly mixed in the Al0.83Cu0.17 alloys 15 and 25.

FIG. 3 shows bonding of the aluminum (Al) electrodes to the semiconductor substrates.

When the Al0.83Cu0.17 alloys 15 and 25 are deposited on the aluminum (Al) electrodes 13 and 23, and then are heated, the region where the Al0.83Cu0.17 alloys 15 and 25 are deposed melts faster than the region of the aluminum (Al) electrodes 13 and 23, thereby preventing thermal damage at regions that are out of a junction portion.

In addition, contamination does not occur in the semiconductor manufacturing process, since typical alloy metals such as aluminum (Al) and copper (Cu) are used in the manufacturing process. Copper (Cu) diffusion from an alloy coated at a high temperature to an aluminum (Al) electrode has an effect on lowering the melting point of the Al electrode, but does not have a significant effect on junction since the melting point of the alloy formed by such diffusion is higher than the melting point of its original alloy.

While the present invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to exemplary embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

Accordingly, in the present invention, bonding can be carried out at a temperature lower than the melting point of an Al0.83Cu0.17 alloy without having an effect on circuits formed on two semiconductor substrates, and can be selectively carried out at regions where pressure is applied.

Claims

1. A method for bonding aluminum (Al) electrodes of two semiconductor substrates, comprising:
(a) forming aluminum (Al) electrodes on the two semiconductor substrates, respectively, and depositing a metal alloy that comprises aluminum (Al) and copper (Cu) onto the aluminum (Al) electrodes;
(b) arranging the aluminum (Al) electrodes of the two semiconductor substrates to face with each other; and
(c) heating the aluminum (Al) electrodes at a temperature lower than the melting point of the deposited metal alloy, and applying a specific pressure onto the two semiconductor substrates.
(a) forming aluminum (Al) electrodes on the two semiconductor substrates, respectively, and depositing a metal alloy that comprises aluminum (Al) and copper (Cu) onto the aluminum (Al) electrodes;
(b) arranging the aluminum (Al) electrodes of the two semiconductor substrates to face with each other; and
(c) heating the aluminum (Al) electrodes at a temperature lower than the melting point of the deposited metal alloy, and applying a specific pressure onto the two semiconductor substrates.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the metal alloy is an Al0.83Cu0.17 alloy.
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the temperature in the (c) is lower than about 540 C.