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Method for filling a vehicle fuel tank with gas

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 06 Jan '04

Heinz Mutter

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A method for filling a vehicle fuel tank with a gas is provided, in which the vehicle fuel tank (

31) is connected to a delivery device (

2) by a pressure-tight line (

10) and the gas stored under pressure is filled into the vehicle fuel tank (

31) from a storage unit (

3) by means of the delivery device (

2). The method comprises the following steps: the instantaneous value of a parameter, which is representative of the instantaneous level of filling of the vehicle fuel tank (

31), is determined during filling with the aid of a sensor apparatus (

32, 33) arranged in the vehicle fuel tank (

31) the filling is ended when the parameter has reached a pre-settable end value.

Description

The invention is explained in more detail below with reference to an embodiment and the drawing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 illustrates the essential parts of a gas refueling plant for carrying out an embodiment of the method in accordance with the invention and a vehicle fuel tank to be filled in a schematic representation; and

FIG. 2 is a flow chart to illustrate the embodiment of the method in accordance with the invention.

Claims

1. A method for filling a vehicle fuel tank with gas from a storage unit holding the gas under pressure by directing gas from the storage unit via a delivery device and a pressure-tight line to the fuel tank, comprising flowing gas from the storage unit into the fuel tank, arranging a sensor apparatus in the fuel tank, with the sensor apparatus determining an instantaneous value of a first parameter which is representative of an instantaneous state of filling of the vehicle tank with gas, during filling detecting at the delivery device a mass of the gas supplied to the tank, from the supplied mass generating a control value that is comparable to the first parameter, comparing the control value with the first parameter, generating an error signal when a deviation between the first parameter and the control value exceeds a pre-settable limit value, and ending the filling when the first parameter has reached a pre-settable end value.

2. A method in accordance with claim 1 wherein the end value of the parameter is independent of the temperature.

3. A method in accordance with claim 1 wherein the first parameter is determined, before the vehicle fuel tank is filled with gas, so that the instantaneous state of filling of the vehicle fuel tank is known as a starting value before filling begins.

4. A method according to claim 1 wherein flowing takes place without interruption until the control value exceeds the pre-settable limit value.

5. A method in accordance with claim 1 wherein a density of the gas in the vehicle fuel tank is determined as the first parameter.

6. A method in accordance with claim 1 wherein the sensor apparatus arranged in the vehicle fuel tank comprises a temperature sensor and a pressure sensor with which the temperature and the pressure of the gas in the fuel tank is measured and a density of the gas is determined therefrom as the first parameter.

7. A method in accordance with claim 5 wherein: the density is determined before the vehicle fuel tank is filled with gas, so that the instantaneous density of the gas in the vehicle fuel tank is known as a starting value before filling begins; the volume of the vehicle fuel tank to be filled is transmitted to the delivery service; and a starting mass of the gas in the vehicle tank prior to the start of filling is determined from the volume and the starting density.

8. A method in accordance with claim 7 including determining a comparison value for the density of the gas in the vehicle fuel tank in the delivery device with the aid of the volume of the vehicle fuel tank the starting mass of the gas in the vehicle fuel tank and the mass determined by measurement of the gas supplied, and using said comparison value as a control value and comparing said comparison value in each case with the density determined in the vehicle fuel tank.

9. A method in accordance with claim 8 wherein filling is ended when the density reaches a pre-settable end value or when the deviation between the control value and the density determined in the vehicle fuel tank exceeds a pre-settable limit value.

10. A method according to claim 1 wherein flowing takes place without interruption until the first parameter has reached the pre-settable end value.

11. A method of operating a gas refueling plant including a storage unit holding gas under pressure, a delivery device for dispensing the gas from the storage unit, and a pressure-tight line for directing gas from the delivery device to a fuel tank, the method comprising flowing gas from the delivery device through the pressure-tight line to the fuel tank, arranging a sensor apparatus in the fuel tank, with the sensor apparatus determining an instantaneous value of a first parameter which is representative of an instantaneous state of filling of the vehicle tank with gas, during filling detecting at the delivery device a mass of the gas supplied to the tank, from the supplied mass generating a control value that is comparable to the first parameter, comparing the control value with the first parameter, generating an error signal when a deviation between the first parameter and the control value exceeds a threshold value, and ending the filling when the first parameter has reached a pre-settable end value.