Metaphase I bound arms and crossing over frequency in rye

Research paper by Juan Orellana, Ramón Giraldez

Indexed on: 01 Dec '81Published on: 01 Dec '81Published in: Chromosoma


Using a Giemsa C-banding procedure it has been possible to identify at meiosis three chromosome pairs of a local Spanish rye cultivar. Two of these chromosomes (3 and 5) were heterozygous for an interstitial C-band in the long arm and the other (chromosome 7) was heterozygous for a telomeric C-band, also in the long arm. From the frequency of being bound at metaphase I and the frequency of recombined chromatids at anaphase I in the arms considered, estimates of actual chiasma frequencies have been derived. The results have been compared with those obtained in a Fl between two inbred lines. It is concluded that: (i) Although the frequency of bound arms analyzed was similar in all cases, the chiasma frequency was higher in the cultivar than in the Fl plants. Cultivar plants showed a variation in chiasma frequency for the bivalent arms studied which was correlated with the frequency of bound arms per cell, indicating that the estimation for chiasma frequency by means of bound arm frequency has an error that increases with increasing number of bound arms per cell, (ii) Evidence of chiasma terminalization has not been found, (iii) It is suggested that the different rye chromosomes have different chiasma localization patterns, which, in turn, are related with the chiasma frequency.