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Metabolism of the lignin model compounds veratrylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether and 4-ethoxy-3-methoxyphenylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether by Phanerochaete chrysosporium

Research paper by Akio Enoki, Gwendolyn P. Goldsby, Michael H. Gold

Indexed on: 01 Apr '80Published on: 01 Apr '80Published in: Archives of Microbiology



Abstract

The white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium metabolized the lignin model compounds veratylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether I and 4-ethoxy-3-methoxy-phenylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether V in stationary culture under an atmosphere of 100% oxygen and under nitrogen limiting conditions. 2-(o-methoxyphenoxy)-ethanol VII was identified as a product of the metabolism of both substrates. Veratryl alcohol and 4-ethoxy-3-methoxybenzyl alcohol IV were identified as metabolites of I and V respectively. Metabolites were identified after comparison with chemically synthesized standards by mass spectrometry. These results indicate the existence of an enzyme system capable of directly cleaving the etherated dimers I and V at the α, β bond. The additional identification of 2-(o-methoxyphenoxy)-1,3 propanediol IX as a metabolic product indicates that cleavage of the alkyl-phenyl bond of these dimers or their metabolites also occurs.