Indexed on: 21 May '16Published on: 19 May '16Published in: Mechanics of Materials
Localized deformation within energetic materials under impact loading may lead to the formation of hot spots, which can cause initiation or detonation of energetic materials. In this work, the thermal-mechanical response of cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine (HMX) based granular explosives (GXs) and polymer-bonded explosives (PBXs) under impact loading has been investigated using finite element software ABAQUS. A series of three-dimensional mesoscale calculations is performed at impact velocities from 100 m/s to 500 m/s using a crystal plasticity constitutive model for HMX crystals that accounts for nonlinear, anisotropic thermoelasticity and for crystal plasticity. For PBX simulations, a viscoelasticity model is used for the polymer binder. Results show that the average and localized stress and temperature field, which are greatly affected by crystal anisotropy and polymer binder, of GXs are larger than those of PBXs. Qualitative agreement with Pop Plots from the experiments shows that GXs are more sensitive than PBXs.