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Mercury-free metal halide lamp

Imported: 23 Feb '17 | Published: 22 Oct '02

Klaus Stockwald

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

Mercury-free metal halide lamp with a warm white luminous color, the fill of which comprises the following components: an inert gas which acts as a buffer gas; a first group of metal halides (MH), the boiling point of which is above 1000° C. (preferably above 1150° C.), the first group comprising at least Dy and Ca used simultaneously as metals, and the molar ratio of the two metal halides Ca-MH:Dy-MH being between 0.1 and 10; these are components with a low volatility which are present in saturated form; a second group of metal halides, the boiling point of which is below 1000° C. (preferably below 900° C.), the second group comprising at least one of the elements In, Zn, Hf, Zr as metals; these are volatile components which are mostly present in unsaturated form; the total fill quantity of the first group of metal halides being between 5 and 100 mol/cm

3; the total fill quantity of the second group of metal halides being between 1 and 50 mol/cm

3; and the color temperature being between 2700 and 3500 K; the general color rendering index being at least Ra=90, while at the same time the red rendering index is at least R9=60.

Description

FIGURES

The invention is to be explained in more detail below with reference to a number of exemplary embodiments. In the drawing:

FIG. 1 shows a metal halide lamp with a ceramic discharge vessel;

FIG. 2 shows a spectrum of a metal halide lamp;

FIG. 3 shows an illustration of the Ra, R9 and the colour temperature as a function of the dimming level for the first exemplary embodiment;

FIG. 4 shows the colour coordinates as a function of the dimming level for the first exemplary embodiment;

FIG. 5 shows a second exemplary embodiment of a spectrum of a metal halide lamp;

FIG. 6 shows an illustration of the Ra, R9 and the colour temperature as a function of the dimming level for the second exemplary embodiment;

FIG. 7 shows the colour coordinates as a function of the dimming level for the first exemplary embodiment;

FIG. 8 shows a third exemplary embodiment of a spectrum of a metal halide lamp;

FIG. 9 shows an illustration of the Ra, R9 and the colour temperature as a function of the dimming level for the third exemplary embodiment;

FIG. 10 shows the colour coordinates as a function of the dimming level for the third exemplary embodiment.

Claims

1. Mercury-free metal halide lamp with a warm white luminous colour and a high colour rendering index Ra, the lamp comprising a discharge vessel into which electrodes are introduced in a vacuum-tight manner and with an ionizable fill in the discharge vessel, characterized in that the fill comprises the following components:

2. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the molar ratio of the two metal halides Ca-MH:Dy-MH is between 0.2 and 5.

3. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the second group additionally comprises a metal halide of Tl in an amount of up to 30 mol/cm

3, preferably 5 to 25 mol/cm

3.

4. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the first group also includes a metal halide of Na in a proportion of up to 30 mol %, preferably of at most 5 mol %, of the total quantity.

5. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the first group additionally comprises a metal halide of Cs in an amount of up to 40 mol/cm

3, preferably 5 to 30 mol/cm

3.

6. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the cold filling pressure of the inert gas is between 100 and 10,000 mbar.

7. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the members of the second group are additionally added as metals in a proportion of up to 30 mol %.

8. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one metal halide of the metals Al, Ga, Sn, Mg, Mn, Sb, Bi, Sc is additionally added to the second group, specifically in total in an additional proportion of up to 40 mol %.

9. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that at least one metal halide of the metals Sr, Ba, Li and/or the rare-earth elements is additionally added to the first group, specifically in total in an additional proportion of up to 30 mol %.

10. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the preferably ceramic discharge vessel has a typical ratio between the maximum internal longitudinal and lateral dimensions of at most 3.5.

11. Mercury-free metal halide lamp according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner wall surface of the discharge vessel is dimensioned in such a way that a wall loading of 10-60 W/cm

2 prevails.