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Meniscal replacement in dogs. Tissue regeneration in two different materials with similar properties.

Research paper by T G TG Tienen, R G J C RG Heijkants, J H JH de Groot, A J AJ Schouten, A J AJ Pennings, R P H RP Veth, P P Buma

Indexed on: 08 Oct '05Published on: 08 Oct '05Published in: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials



Abstract

In earlier studies, meniscal replacement with a porous polymer implant led to regeneration of neo-meniscal tissue. To evaluate the influence of the chemical properties on the tissue regeneration in the implant, in the present study, the meniscus in the dog's knee was replaced with either an aromatic 4,4-diphenylmethanediisocyanate based polyesterurethane implant (Estane) (n = 6) or with an aliphatic 1,4-butanediisocyanate based polyesterurethane implant (PCLPU) (n = 6). After 6 months, the knee joints were resected and the tissue behavior in the two different prostheses was evaluated microscopically. In both prostheses, a meniscus-like distribution of the tissue phenotype was found with collagen type I in the peripheral fibrous zones and collagen type II in the central, more cartilaginous zones. The compression-stress behavior of the implant-tissue construct remained in between the stiffness of the polymer material and that of the native meniscus. The PCLPU implant seemed to provoke less synovial tissue reaction. After meniscectomy solely, in 5 out of 6 cases, a meniscus-like regenerate was formed. Furthermore, the articular cartilage degeneration after placing a PCLPU implant did also not exceed the degeneration after the Estane implant or after meniscectomy. The differences between these two implants did not seem to influence the tissue regeneration in the implant. However, PCLPU seemed to evoke less tissue reaction and, therefore, is thought to be less or even nontoxic as compared with the Estane implant. Therefore, for studies in the future, the authors prefer the PCLPU prostheses for replacement of the meniscus.