Indexed on: 12 Jul '13Published on: 12 Jul '13Published in: Microbiology (Reading, England)
Due to their adjacent location in the genomes of Desulfovibrio species and their potential for formation of an electron transfer pathway in sulfate-reducing prokaryotes, adenosyl phosphosulfate (APS) reductase (Apr) and quinone-interacting membrane-bound oxidoreductase (Qmo) have been thought to interact together during the reduction of APS. This interaction was recently verified in Desulfovibrio desulfuricans. Membrane proteins of Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough ΔqmoABCD JW9021, a deletion mutant, were compared to the parent strain using blue-native PAGE to determine whether Qmo formed a complex with Apr or other proteins. In the parent strain of D. vulgaris, a unique band was observed that contained all four Qmo subunits, and another band contained three subunits of Qmo, as well as subunits of AprA and AprB. Similar results were observed with bands excised from membrane preparations of Desulfovibrio alaskensis strain G20. These results are in support of the formation of a physical complex between the two proteins; a result that was further confirmed by the co-purification of QmoA/B and AprA/B from affinity-tagged D. vulgaris Hildenborough strains (AprA, QmoA and QmoB) regardless of which subunit had been tagged. This provides clear evidence for the presence of a Qmo-Apr complex that is at least partially stable in protein extracts of D. vulgaris and D. alaskensis.