Indexed on: 07 Jun '17Published on: 07 Jun '17Published in: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Interaction of human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) peptides with cell membrane is crucial for the understanding of amyloid toxicity associated with Type II diabetes (T2D). While it is known that the hIAPP-membrane interactions are considered to promote hIAPP aggregation into fibrils and induce membrane disruption, the membrane-induced conformation, orientation, aggregation, and adsorption behaviors of hIAPP peptides have not been well understood at atomic level. Herein, we perform all-atom explicit-water molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to study the adsorption, orientation, and surface interaction of hIAPP aggregates with different sizes (monomer to tetramer) and conformations (monomer with α-helix and tetramer with β-sheet-rich U-turn) upon adsorption on the lipid bilayers composed of both pure zwitterionic POPC (1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) and mixed anionic POPC/POPE (1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine) (3:1) lipids. MD simulation results show that hIAPP monomer with α-helical conformation and hIAPP pentamer with β-sheet conformation can adsorb on both POPC and POPC/POPE bilayers via a preferential orientation of N-terminal residues facing toward the bilayer surface. The hIAPP aggregates show stronger interactions with mixed POPC/POPE lipids than pure POPC lipids, consistent with experimental observation that hIAPP adsorption and fibrililation are enhanced on mixed lipid bilayers. While electrostatic interactions are main attractive forces to drive the hIAPP aggregates to adsorb on both bilayers, the introduction of the more hydrophilic head groups of POPE lipids further promote the formation of the interfacial hydrogen bonds. Complement to our previous studies of hIAPP aggregates in bulk solution, this computational work increases our knowledge about the mechanism of amyloid peptide-membrane interactions that is central to the understanding the progression of all amyloid diseases.