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Medical Image Fusion Based on Fast Finite Shearlet Transform and Sparse Representation.

Research paper by Ling L Tan, Xin X Yu

Indexed on: 19 Jun '19Published on: 05 Apr '19Published in: Computational and mathematical methods in medicine



Abstract

Clinical diagnosis has high requirements for the visual effect of medical images. To obtain rich detail features and clear edges for fusion medical images, an image fusion algorithm FFST-SR-PCNN based on fast finite shearlet transform (FFST) and sparse representation is proposed, aiming at the problem of poor clarity of edge details that is conducive to maintaining the details of source image in current algorithms. Firstly, the source image is decomposed into low-frequency coefficients and high-frequency coefficients by FFST. Secondly, the K-SVD method is used to train the low-frequency coefficients to obtain the overcomplete dictionary , and then the OMP algorithm sparsely encodes the low-frequency coefficients to complete the fusion of the low-frequency coefficients. Then, a high-frequency coefficient is applied to excite a pulse-coupled neural network, and the fusion coefficient of the high-frequency coefficient is selected according to the number of ignitions. Finally, the fused low-frequency coefficient and high-frequency coefficient are reconstructed into the fused medical image by FFST inverse transform. The experimental results show that the image fusion result of the proposed algorithm is about 35% higher than the comparison algorithms for the edge information transfer factor QAB/F index and has achieved good results in both subjective visual effects and objective evaluation indicators.