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Mechanochemical synthesis of Fe 2 O 3 /Zn-Al layered double hydroxide based on red mud.

Research paper by Qingyong Q Li, Guangtao G Wei, Yanjuan Y Yang, Zhongmin Z Li, Linye L Zhang, Qiumei Q Huang

Indexed on: 06 Apr '20Published on: 06 Apr '20Published in: Journal of Hazardous Materials



Abstract

In this work, using industrial waste red mud (RM) as main starting material, a simple method of mechanochemical synthesis (MCS) was introduced as a green approach to synthesize heterogeneous FeO/Zn-Al layered double hydroxide (F/ZA-LDH), which could be used as a new low-cost catalyst for photo-Fenton reaction. The optimum preparation conditions of F/ZA-LDH were as follows: mass ratio of Zn(NO)·6HO to RM (m:m) 2:1, dry milling time 6 h, HO dosage 2 mL, ball-to-powder mass ratio 50:1, and milling speed 250 rpm. The effects of the synthesis conditions on the crystal structure and catalytic activity of F/ZA-LDH were analyzed. The F/ZA-LDH was characterized by XRD, TG, XPS, SEM, (HR)TEM. The characterization results showed the composite had a crystallized hydrotalcite-like structure, and the crystalline phases in the optimum F/ZA-LDH were FeO and Zn-Al LDH. A hetero-interfaces between FeO and Zn-Al LDH existed in the synthesized FeO/Zn-Al LDH composite. Furthermore, the possible mechanism for F/ZA-LDH formation in the MCS process was proposed. Overall, our results provide a systematic understanding of the preparation of LDH composite through MCS using RM as main material, and our findings help to develop green technology for reusing RM. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.