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Measuring service quality of public dental health care facilities in Kelantan, Malaysia.

Research paper by Jacob J John, Fekriah Mohd FM Yatim, Shani Ann SA Mani

Indexed on: 13 May '10Published on: 13 May '10Published in: Asia-Pacific journal of public health / Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health



Abstract

This study investigates patients' expectations and perceptions of service quality in public dental health care and measures their "satisfaction gap." This descriptive study involved 481 dental outpatients in Kelantan, Malaysia. A modified SERVQUAL 20-item instrument was used to assess patients' expectations before and perceptions after receiving dental treatment. The "satisfaction gap" was then measured.showed that patients visiting for management of dental pain were more satisfied (P = .007) than those visiting with appointment. The most significant service quality dimensions were related to responsiveness, assurance, and empathy of the dental health care providers. There was a significant difference between the patients' expectations and their perceptions of service provided (P < .01) with regard to all dimensions. In conclusion, dental service providers should give emphasis to the compassionate and emotional aspects of care and to remember that they are integral components of quality service.