Measurement-induced macroscopic superposition states in cavity optomechanics

Research paper by Ulrich B. Hoff, Johann Kollath-Bönig, Jonas S. Neergaard-Nielsen, Ulrik L. Andersen

Indexed on: 07 Jan '16Published on: 07 Jan '16Published in: Quantum Physics


We present a novel proposal for generating quantum superpositions of macroscopically distinct states of a bulk mechanical oscillator, compatible with existing optomechanical devices operating in the readily achievable bad-cavity limit. The scheme is based on a pulsed cavity optomechanical quantum non-demolition (QND) interaction, driven by displaced non-Gaussian states, and measurement-induced feedback, avoiding the need for strong single-photon optomechanical coupling. Furthermore, we show that single-quadrature cooling of the mechanical oscillator is sufficient for efficient state preparation, and we outline a three-pulse protocol comprising a sequence of QND interactions for squeezing-enhanced cooling, state preparation, and tomography.