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Measles resurgence associated with continued circulation of genotype H1 viruses in China, 2005.

Research paper by Yixin Y Ji, Yan Y Zhang, Songtao S Xu, Zhen Z Zhu, Shuyan S Zuo, Xiaohong X Jiang, Peishan P Lu, Changyin C Wang, Yong Y Liang, Huanying H Zheng, Yang Y Liu, Naiying N Mao, Xiaofeng X Liang, David Alexander DA Featherstone, Paul A PA Rota, et al.

Indexed on: 10 Sep '09Published on: 10 Sep '09Published in: Virology Journal



Abstract

Measles morbidity and mortality decreased significantly after measles vaccine was introduced into China in 1965. From 1995 to 2004, average annual measles incidence decreased to 5.6 cases per 100,000 population following the establishment of a national two-dose regimen. Molecular characterization of wild-type measles viruses demonstrated that genotype H1 was endemic and widely distributed throughout the country in China during 1995-2004. A total of 124,865 cases and 55 deaths were reported from the National Notifiable Diseases Reporting System (NNDRS) in 2005, which represented a 69.05% increase compared with 2004. Over 16,000 serum samples obtained from 914 measles outbreaks and the measles IgM positive rate was 81%. 213 wild-type measles viruses were isolated from 18 of 31 provinces in China during 2005, and all of the isolates belonged to genotype H1. The ranges of the nucleotide sequence and predicted amino acid sequence homologies of the 213 genotype H1 strains were 93.4%-100% and 90.0%-100%, respectively. H1-associated cases and outbreaks caused the measles resurgence in China in 2005. H1 genotype has the most inner variation within genotype, it could be divided into 2 clusters, and cluster 1 viruses were predominant in China throughout 2005.