Maximum Number of Habitable Planets at the Time of Earth's Origin: New Hints for Panspermia?

Research paper by Werner von Bloh, Siegfried Franck, Christine Bounama, Hans-Joachim Schellnhuber

Indexed on: 01 Apr '03Published on: 01 Apr '03Published in: Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres


New discoveries have fuelled the ongoing discussion of panspermia, i.e. the transport of life from one planet to another within the solar system (interplanetary panspermia) or even between different planetary systems (interstellar panspermia). The main factor for the probability of interstellar panspermia is the average density of stellar systems containing habitable planets. The combination of recent results for the formation rate of Earth-like planets with our estimations of extrasolar habitable zones allows us to determine the number of habitable planets in the Milky Way over cosmological time scales. We find that there was a maximum number of habitable planets around the time of Earth's origin. If at all, interstellar panspermia was most probable at that time and may have kick-started life on our planet.