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Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry applied to virus identification.

Research paper by Adriana A Calderaro, Maria-Cristina MC Arcangeletti, Isabella I Rodighiero, Mirko M Buttrini, Chiara C Gorrini, Federica F Motta, Diego D Germini, Maria-Cristina MC Medici, Carlo C Chezzi, Flora F De Conto

Indexed on: 31 Oct '14Published on: 31 Oct '14Published in: Scientific Reports



Abstract

Virus detection and/or identification traditionally rely on methods based on cell culture, electron microscopy and antigen or nucleic acid detection. These techniques are good, but often expensive and/or time-consuming; furthermore, they not always lead to virus identification at the species and/or type level. In this study, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was tested as an innovative tool to identify human polioviruses and to identify specific viral protein biomarkers in infected cells. The results revealed MALDI-TOF MS to be an effective and inexpensive tool for the identification of the three poliovirus serotypes. The method was firstly applied to Sabin reference strains, and then to isolates from different clinical samples, highlighting its value as a time-saving, sensitive and specific technique when compared to the gold standard neutralization assay and casting new light on its possible application to virus detection and/or identification.