Mathematics, Vol. 9, Pages 197: Design and Analysis of a Cluster-Based Intelligent Hybrid Recommendation System for E-Learning Applications

Research paper by S. Bhaskaran, Raja Marappan, B. Santhi

Indexed on: 29 Jan '21Published on: 19 Jan '21Published in: Mathematics


Recently, different recommendation techniques in e-learning have been designed that are helpful to both the learners and the educators in a wide variety of e-learning systems. Customized learning, which requires e-learning systems designed based on educational experience that suit the interests, goals, abilities, and willingness of both the learners and the educators, is required in some situations. In this research, we develop an intelligent recommender using split and conquer strategy-based clustering that can adapt automatically to the requirements, interests, and levels of knowledge of the learners. The recommender analyzes and learns the styles and characteristics of learners automatically. The different styles of learning are processed through the split and conquer strategy-based clustering. The proposed cluster-based linear pattern mining algorithm is applied to extract the functional patterns of the learners. Then, the system provides intelligent recommendations by evaluating the ratings of frequent sequences. Experiments were conducted on different groups of learners and datasets, and the proposed model suggested essential learning activities to learners based on their style of learning, interest classification, and talent features. It was experimentally found that the proposed cluster-based recommender improves the recommendation performance by resulting in more lessons completed when compared to learners present in the no-recommender cluster category. It was found that more than 65% of the learners considered all criteria to evaluate the proposed recommender. The simulation of the proposed recommender showed that for learner size values of <1000, better metric values were produced. When the learner size exceeded 1000, significant differences were obtained in the evaluated metrics. The significant differences were analyzed in terms of a computational structure depending on the recommendation list size, and the attributes of learners. The learners were also satisfied with the accuracy and speed of the recommender. For the sample dataset considered, a significant difference was observed in the standard deviation σ and mean μ of parameters, in terms of the Recall (List, User) and Ranking Score (User) measures, compared to other methods. The devised method performed well concerning all the considered metrics when compared to other methods. The simulation results signify that this recommender minimized the mean absolute error metric for the different clusters in comparison with some well-known methods.