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Maternal and fetal signs and symptoms associated with uterine rupture in women with prior cesarean delivery.

Research paper by Joseph G JG Ouzounian, Johanna J Quist-Nelson, David A DA Miller, Lisa M LM Korst

Indexed on: 19 Aug '14Published on: 19 Aug '14Published in: The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians



Abstract

Abstract Objective: To describe the association between maternal and fetal physical signs and symptoms (signs/symptoms) and childbirth outcomes in women with prior cesarean delivery (CD). Methods: Cases of uterine rupture at a single institution were reviewed to examine risk factors for experiencing signs/symptoms and poor childbirth outcomes. Results: Among 21 014 deliveries, 3252 (15.5%) had prior CD, and 75 (2.3%) had uterine rupture. Of these, 66 (88.0%) labored. Among those who labored, 51 (77.3%) demonstrated signs/symptoms prior to delivery. Signs/symptoms included vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, fetal bradycardia and decreased fetal heart rate (FHR) variability. Laboring patients with signs/symptoms were seven times more likely than those without them to have poor maternal/neonatal outcome (27/51 [52.9%] versus 2/15 [13.3%], OR = 7.31 [95% CI 1.34-52.43], p = 0.0155). In multivariate analysis, risk factors for poor fetal outcome were cervical ripening (OR 4.99 [95% CI 0.86-28.99, p = 0.0735) and prolonged FHR deceleration/bradycardia (OR 2.78 [95% CI 0.86-9.10], p = 0.0905). Fetal tachycardia was a risk factor for poor maternal outcome (OR 8.10 [95% CI 1.40-46.84], p = 0.0195). Conclusions: Among laboring women with uterine rupture, 77% demonstrated maternal or fetal signs/symptoms before delivery. The presence of at least one sign/symptom identified nearly all laboring patients (27/29 [93.1%]) with poor outcomes.