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Materials, Vol. 12, Pages 1176: Chitosan Nanoparticles Rescue Rotenone-Mediated Cell Death

Research paper by Jyoti Ahlawat, Eva M. Deemer, Mahesh Narayan

Indexed on: 12 Apr '19Published on: 11 Apr '19Published in: Materials



Abstract

The aim of the present investigation was to study the anti-oxidant effect of chitosan nanoparticles on a human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line using a rotenone model to generate reactive oxygen species. Chitosan nanoparticles were synthesized using an ionotropic gelation method. The obtained nanoparticles were characterized using various analytical techniques such as Dynamic Light Scattering, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Fourier Transmission Infrared spectroscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy. Incubation of SH-SY5Y cells with 50 µM rotenone resulted in 35–50% cell death within 24 h of incubation time. Annexin V/Propidium iodide dual staining verified that the majority of neuronal cell death occurred via the apoptotic pathway. The incubation of cells with chitosan nanoparticles reduced rotenone-initiated cytotoxicity and apoptotic cell death. Given that rotenone insult to cells causes oxidative stress, our results suggest that Chitosan nanoparticles have antioxidant and anti-apoptotic properties. Chitosan can not only serve as a novel therapeutic drug in the near future but also as a carrier for combo-therapy.