Indexed on: 16 Aug '18Published on: 14 Aug '18Published in: Materials
High chromium steel has been synthesized by an induction furnace adopting electromagnetic stirring (EMS). Varying amounts of cobalt was added to obtain 3, 6, and 12% Co in the steel. The melt was allowed to solidify with or without EMS in a rotary magnetic field. The effects of the varying cobalt content and the stirring have been characterized by the microstructural evolution and the consequent improvement in mechanical properties. The application of a rotary EMS during solidification has shown a significant effect on the grain refining, the reduction of element segregation, the promotion of eutectic volume fraction, and the consequent improvement of mechanical properties, including hardness and high-temperature strength. The formation mechanism of the eutectic structure and the precipitation of M7C3 and M23C6 carbides was discussed according to the calculated phase diagram. The increment of cobalt content improved the eutectic volume fraction. Cobalt addition also enhanced the hardness and the yield tensile strength, provided that the ingot structure was homogenized by the EMS.