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Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 1426: Investigations on the Electrochemical Atomic Layer Growth of Bi2Se3 and the Surface Limited Deposition of Bismuth at the Silver Electrode

Research paper by Walter Giurlani, Andrea Giaccherini, Nicola Calisi, Giovanni Zangari, Emanuele Salvietti, Maurizio Passaponti, Stefano Caporali, Massimo Innocenti

Indexed on: 16 Aug '18Published on: 14 Aug '18Published in: Materials



Abstract

The Electrochemical Atomic Layer Deposition (E-ALD) technique is used for the deposition of ultrathin films of bismuth (Bi) compounds. Exploiting the E-ALD, it was possible to obtain highly controlled nanostructured depositions as needed, for the application of these materials for novel electronics (topological insulators), thermoelectrics and opto-electronics applications. Electrochemical studies have been conducted to determine the Underpotential Deposition (UPD) of Bi on selenium (Se) to obtain the Bi2Se3 compound on the Ag (111) electrode. Verifying the composition with X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) showed that, after the first monolayer, the deposition of Se stopped. Thicker deposits were synthesized exploiting a time-controlled deposition of massive Se. We then investigated the optimal conditions to deposit a single monolayer of metallic Bi directly on the Ag.