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Mass propagation of Plectranthus bourneae Gamble through indirect organogenesis from leaf and internode explants.

Research paper by R R Thaniarasu, T T Senthil Kumar, M V MV Rao

Indexed on: 18 May '16Published on: 18 May '16Published in: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants



Abstract

The present study describes the plant propagation via indirect organogenesis from in vitro derived leaf and internode explants of Plectranthus bourneae, an endemic plant to south India. Leaf and internodal explants successfully callused on Murashige and Skoog medium (MS) supplemented with different concentrations of auxins [2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid), NAA (α-naphthalene acetic acid), IAA (indole-3 acetic acid), IBA (indole-3-butyric acid) and PIC (Picloram); 0.1-2.0 mg/l] in combination with BA (6-benzyladenine) (0.5 mg/l). Maximum callus induction (98 %) was achieved from leaf explant followed by internodal explant (89 %) at 1.0 mg/l NAA, 0.5 mg/l BA. Leaf derived callus showed better shoot regeneration (29.71 shoots) on MS medium containing 1.0 mg/l KN (kinetin), 0.7 mg/l NAA, and 50 mg/l CH (casein hydrolysate) followed by internodal callus (19.71). A maximum of 19.14 roots/shoot was observed at 1.0 mg/l IBA. The rooted plantlets were successfully hardened and transferred to greenhouse condition with 80 % survival. This system could be utilized for large-scale multiplication of P. bourneae by tissue culture.