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Mapping of C-termini of V-ATPase subunits by in vivo-FRET measurements.

Research paper by Thorsten T Seidel, Dortje D Golldack, Karl-Josef KJ Dietz

Indexed on: 03 Aug '05Published on: 03 Aug '05Published in: FEBS Letters



Abstract

The plant V-ATPase is a protein complex of 13 different VHA-subunits and functions as ATP driven motor that electrogenically translocates H+ into endomembrane compartments. The central rotor extends into the hexameric head that is fixed by peripheral stators to an eccentric membrane domain. The localization and orientation of VHA-subunits of the head and peripheral stalk region were investigated by in vivo fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). To this end, VHA-E, VHA-G, VHA-H of the peripheral stalks as well as subunits VHA-A and VHA-B were C-terminally fused to cyan (CFP) and yellow fluorescent protein (YFP). Protoplasts transfected with FRET-pairs of CFP-donor and YFP-acceptor fluorophores fused to VHA-subunits were analysed for FRET by laser scanning microscopy. The result of the C-termini mapping allows to refine the arrangement and interaction of the subunits within the V-ATPase complex in vivo. Furthermore, expression of fused VHA-E and VHA-H stimulated acidification of protoplast vacuoles, while other constructs had no major effect on vacuolar pH tentatively indicating a regulatory role of these subunits in plants.