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Manganese Dioxide Decoration of Macroscopic Carbon Nanotube Fibers: From High-Performance Liquid-Based to All-Solid-State Supercapacitors

Research paper by Afshin Pendashteh, Evgeny Senokos, Jesus Palma, Marc Anderson, Juan J. Vilatela, Rebeca Marcilla

Indexed on: 11 Feb '19Published on: 11 Feb '19Published in: arXiv - Physics - Materials Science



Abstract

Supercapacitors capable of providing high voltage, energy and power density but yet light, low volume occupying, flexible and mechanically robust are highly interesting and demanded for portable applications. Herein, freestanding flexible hybrid electrodes based on MnO2 nanoparticles grown on macroscopic carbon nanotube fibers (CNTf-MnO2) were fabricated, without the need of any metallic current collector. The CNTf, a support with excellent electrical conductivity, mechanical stability, and appropriate pore structure, was homogeneously decorated with porous akhtenskite \epsilon-MnO2 nanoparticles produced via electrodeposition in an optimized organic-aqueous mixture. Electrochemical properties of these decorated fibers were evaluated in different electrolytes including a neutral aqueous solution and a pure 1-butyl-3-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ionic liquid (PYR14TFSI). This comparison helps discriminate the various contributions to the total capacitance: (surface) Faradaic and non-Faradaic processes, improved wetting by aqueous electrolytes. Accordingly, symmetric supercapacitors with PYR14TFSI led to a high specific energy of 36 Whkg_(MnO_2)^(-1) (16 Whkg-1 including the weight of CNTf) and real specific power of 17 kWkg_(MnO_2)^(-1) (7.5 kWkg-1) at 3.0 V with excellent cycling stability. Moreover, flexible all solid-state supercapacitors were fabricated using PYR14TFSI-based polymer electrolyte, exhibiting maximum energy density of 21 Whkg-1 and maximum power density of 8 kWkg-1 normalized by total active material.