Indexed on: 23 Dec '16Published on: 30 Nov '16Published in: Magnetochemistry
The review presents an overview of the organic radicals that have been designed and synthesized recently, and their magnetic properties are discussed. The π-conjugated organic radicals such as phenalenyl systems, functionalized nitronylnitroxides, benzotriazinyl, bisthiazolyl, aminyl-based radicals and polyradicals, and Tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-based H-bonded radicals have been considered. The examples show that weak supramolecular interactions play a major role in modulating the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic properties. The new emerging direction of zethrenes, organic polyradicals, and macrocyclic polyradicals with their attractive and discrete architectures has been deliberated. The magnetic studies delineate the singlet-triplet transitions and their corresponding energies in these organic radicals. We have also made an attempt to collate the major organic neutral radicals, radical ions and radical zwitterions that have emerged over the last century.